EU RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances)
The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS 1) was adopted in February 2003, effective July 2006 by the European Union (EU). This regulation restricted the use of Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd), Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), and Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE). A RoHS recast 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) took effect in January 2013 clarifying scope and implementation of the RoHS regulation. Directive 2015/863 amending Annex II to Directive 2011/65/EU added four additional substances Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) with enforcement by July 2019.
EU REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical Substances)
Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 is the EU regulation on chemicals and their safe use, requiring the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (REACH). The REACH Regulation identifies substances of very high concern (SVHC) through a list published on the European Chemical Agency (ECHA) website and is updated several times a year.
In 2010, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act (US H.R. 4173) directing the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to issue rules requiring publicly traded companies to disclose annually the extent to which their products contain “conflict minerals.” “Conflict minerals” are currently described as tantalum, tin, tungsten, and gold (3TG) that originate from conflict mines in the region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) or adjoining countries.